Do you know what Bitcoin is? Do you understand what it can do in the world market? Learn everything about this virtual coin in this summary of the book “Bitcoin: A Moeda na Era Digital”, by Fernando Ulrich.
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Fernando Ulrich's "Bitcoin: A Moeda da Era Digital" book, "Bitcoin: The Digital Age Currency" in free translation, is composed of 106 pages and 6 enlightening chapters in which you will enter once and for all into the corporate world of business.
Fernando Ulrich is an economist with extensive experience in the Brazilian financial and real estate market. He is one of the leading experts in Brazil when it comes to cryptocurrencies.
He has a master's degree in Economics from the Austrian School, was one of the chief economists at XP Investimentos, and has great knowledge of monetary theory and financial technology.
In addition, he maintains a blog on the InfoMoney portal called "Currency in the digital age" where he better addresses the issue of Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies.
Aimed at entrepreneurs who want to broaden their business vision and learn about innovative ways of investing, as well as those who are curious and interested in getting into the digital age market wave.
The book highlights key points guiding innovation, knowledge of monetary phenomena and freedom of business.
Among them, we can mention:
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At the beginning of the book “Bitcoin: A Moeda na Era Digital”, the author Fernando Ulrich says that if we travel a bit through history and understand the emergence of the currency, we would find some important information for understanding the concept of Bitcoin.
In the old days, before the emergence of money, trade was carried out through the exchange of goods. This exchange is called barter.
With the increase in population, the need arose to invent an object that would identify the economy in which trade agreements could be made.
Gold and silver then fulfilled this monetary function, which subsequently functioned very well as the government's maneuver.
In the early twentieth century, governments nationalized their own currency.
Fine, but what does all this have to do with Bitcoin?
With technological advancement and the era of market independence, it is valid to create an emerging, portable, incorporeal international currency that exists far beyond government control.
Bitcoin is a digital and fully decentralized currency. It has a historical record in which users have access to the transactions performed and thus control so that there are no double expenses, for example.
Also, understand that Bitcoin is a payment network that has no third-party presence and at the same time has a currency that does not originate from gold. Therefore, it is a virtual currency.
There are numerous benefits we get from using Bitcoin as a payments network. We can quote:
In this chapter, Fernando Ulrich states that we are far from the so-called Gold Standard we lived in some time ago.
Precious metals, gold, and silver are no longer a standard of trade simply because they do not support the inflationary behavior caused by governments.
The unbridled impression of money, the onset of the crisis, and the arrival of inflation were prime points for thinking about this new idea.
The government-unstable banking system and the population without control of their own money favored the beginning of Bitcoin.
Understand that it is the beginning of two technologies: database and encryption.
But how can we understand this?
Note that the network architecture is totally different. Remember we talked about the issue of decentralization?
Well, there is the possibility of sharing information without the need for a central server and is known as a peer-to-peer network.
Encryption emerged many years ago. It is also known as secret writing and is a way of encoding data in a way that cannot be read. Thus ensuring security, authenticity, and truthfulness of user information.
Discussing utility is unnecessary. The author Fernando Ulrich explains why.
First, the utility has to do with acquired well-being and then refers to one's personal choices and needs.
In this case, bitcoin's analysis ranges from the desire to test encryption, the transfer of this digital currency through the commercialization of something or simply a desire to know the platform.
What we need to understand is that for something to be determined as an exchange model, first it must be recognized as direct consumption and then reached the predetermined end.
And it is this end, this destiny, and choice that is proper to each individual.
During the book “Bitcoin: A Moeda na Era Digital”, the author explains some theories and, among them, is the "Theory of Money and Fiduciary Currency". He says that it is impossible for something to be valuable if it was previously a means of exchange.
This commodity value can also be explained as a use-value.
And there is a reference to the digital currency, since in the beginning, when its use was not taken as a means of exchange, but as a strategy to satisfy a need.
Is this a sign that points to the establishment of Bitcoin as the currency of the future?
That's a great point!
If you stop to think, what were the most common means of exchange that existed in mankind?
In a cursory way, we can easily remember salt, sugar, cattle, gold, even the current asset of banknotes.
It turns out with the creation of banks, users began to use the services, such that transactions can be made without the need to contact the actual banknotes.
This can be explained through deposits and checks for example.
Fernando highlights tangible and intangible currencies. He reports that Bitcoin's intangibility was used by economists as a drag on the growth of this digital currency.
But what the author points out is that it is not the first intangible currency. If we think of a specific bias, banks also work with fractional reserves.
This type of reserve comes from deposits made and not redeemed in kind. Consequently, there may be credit expansion according to the accounting record. It is a form of scriptural currency, that is, intangible.
In other words, this is not a problem for something to be established as a medium of exchange.
So if it's an existing feature, what's the difference?
The difference is that this digital currency so cited in this summary is not vulnerable like the one above, simply because it is not under the control of banks.
It is an autonomous currency and has an essential function: Preserve purchasing power and not erode, as banks do with book entry.
This is the difference!
Here the author Fernando Ulrich points out that Bitcoin can be considered a 'near currency' or a 'secondary medium'.
But why with all these characteristics of which we know, can not be considered money?
Well, there are 3 main characteristics that need to be evaluated for a medium to be considered money:
Liquidity is the ability of a medium exchange to become money, that is, a universally accepted medium of exchange.
The reserve of value can be understood as purchasing power or the method of measuring wealth.
Transaction costs are expenses charged for any transaction.
Looking at the features individually, we can see Bitcoin and understand that it has advantages and disadvantages that make it recognized as a currency.
The liquidity of digital currency is diminished. This happens for the simple fact that it is not used and recognized against others.
The value reserve is contained, that is, you cannot make digital currency as you do the current currency and, in turn, transaction costs.
These are totally advantageous, as there are no political and territorial boundaries, giving much more autonomy for individual control of users.
Therefore, Bitcoin is likely to become currency in the future, relying more on public acceptance to overcome the existing fiduciary currency barriers.
Digital currency presents these aspects.
The author explains that compared to gold or paper money, digital currency is far ahead, as the internet is the key factor in its use.
And as far as divisibility is concerned, compared to the currencies in question, gold is divisible, paper money does not have this characteristic. Since each cell has its own value.
Guiding the characteristics covered we can highlight Bitcoin as follows:
And versatile, don't you agree?
We know that people ideas, such as products and projects are subject to criticism, disagreement, and skeptical views about how it works.
Well, it couldn't be different from Bitcoin. Among the arguments from the book "Bitcoin: a moeda na era digital", we can mention:
The internet is part of our daily lives, as is electricity. Therefore, they cannot take into account and use it as a disadvantage in the face of digital currency operation.
We might hypothetically think it would be adversity if the internet and electricity were created for Bitcoin's direct performance, but that's not the case.
Skeptics also raise the possibility of the network being hacked, but they are not taking security into account when opening source code to anyone who wants access.
Another feature is transparency: transactions can be tracked with the system. Therefore, the internet and electricity cannot be cited as a hindrance to the advancement of this system.
Understand that this is a fallacy because the digital currency is already a currency.
And, consequently, it can be used as a means of payment or even a method of "evading" the current fiat currency model. It makes no sense to look for a new model just as a passport to the established method known worldwide.
Initially answer the Fernando Ulrich question: Do you know what altcoins are?
They can be called as an alternative currency and have various purposes, ranging from modifications to the Bitcoin system to scams or direct copies of the digital currency in question.
Understand that while there is such a hypothesis, Bitcoin is already ahead by being better known, having the lowest transaction costs and highlighting all the features already presented.
What really matters and that people who are interested in the subject and use of currency need understanding is that Bitcoin did not come to dispel fiduciary coins.
The author makes it clear throughout the work that it is by no means exclusive but complementary.
Although it is too early to say whether the other currencies will come to an end, what he really believes is that cryptocurrencies are a strong indication of the advancement of technology. Thus, there are great possibilities for migration from fiduciary to digital.
Although there are barriers in the legal, regulatory field and there is constant criticism from skeptics around Bitcoin, what cannot be denied is the advantageous features and countless possibilities for it to stay.
For "The Dumb Things Smart People Do With Their Money", the author Jill Schlesinger, people should not invest their money in what they do not know. You must have good planning and a thorough knowledge of where to invest. Also, it is important that the investment makes sense for your life purpose in some way.
In "The Intelligent Investor", Benjamin Graham explains how to invest in stocks and the characteristics of an investor who knows how to play the stock market: discipline and consistency.
Finally, Tony Robbins' book "Unshakable" gives valuable advice: If you're not careful, taxes can easily eliminate 30% or more of your return on investment. It is therefore important to pay attention only to the net amount that you will actually be able to keep.
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